Causes of Platelet Disorder
- Platelet disorders can arise spontaneously or following a viral infection or can be inherited.
- The most common platelet disorder in children is immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), which is seen most
frequently after some viral infections. 80% of ITPs are acute in nature and gets cured completely with
medications but around 20% can become chronic where the child keeps requiring long term treatment.
- Platelet function can be affected by medications such as ibuprofen and aspirin. Platelet function
disorders can develop in people who have liver or kidney problems.
- Congenital (inherited) platelet function disorders can be caused by a genetic change. Experts are
discovering more and more genes that are involved in congenital platelet function disorders.
Platelet Function Impairment
Platelet function disorders can cause mild to severe symptoms. They may
include the following:
- Simple bruising
- Frequently occurring nosebleeds
- Heavy menstrual periods (Menorrhagia)
- Surgery and prolonged bleeding
- Platelet function disorders can lead to severe bleeding and low iron levels in the blood.
Diagnosis of Platelet Function
Blood tests and genetic tests are used by Doctor to diagnose platelet function disorders.
For someone with a congenital platelet function disorder, genetic tests can provide useful information.