Bone marrow transplant is a medical procedure where unhealthy native bone marrow and immune system is replaced by healthy stem cells and immune cells (graft).Donor stem cells are infused following a short course of chemotherapy or radiotherapy or both which is called conditioning regimen. Bone marrow transplant (BMT) is also called hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(HSCT). This procedure can be used in the treatment of some cancers and non cancerous conditions
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells stem cells from a suitable healthy donor is used in this type.
Autologous hematopoietic stem cells: Autologous hematopoietic stem cells the patient’s own stem cells are used in this type.
Bone marrow transplants can help people with both cancerous and noncancerous diseases, such as:
A bone marrow transplant can help with: